Employability and official training in the area of education and employment

If we take into account the basis of the Educational system, in order to enable a specific training in a specific profession the main feature is that this profession should be defined and collected in a document similar to “National Catalogue of Qualification”. If we find in this point, this profession is not even defined or included in this document; it will be very difficult to find an available specific training for this profession, so we have identified the inclusion of this training/ qualification in the basis of the system as a critical requirement.
We have identified several features that enable the development of an specific training. They are as follows:

  1. Centralized Educational System (or at least very centralized): Division of jurisdiction between public bodies, for example between the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labor, does not promote the development of specific training. This is the case of Spain. On the other hand, a centralized system (or very centralized) enables the development of specific training. This is the case of England and Portugal.
  2. Specific Body related to the fishery value chain: When we have a specific Body which is in charge, amongst other issues, of training of different groups of stakeholders of the fishery value chain, training offer improves. This body is aware of needs and demands of stakeholders. This is the case of Portugal and England.
  • In Portugal the system is working well. We can find available specific training for fishmongers and its contents are reasonably complete. It’s also available for young people or for other people with different backgrounds. It’s a flexible training and has equivalence with the official system of qualifications.
  • In England there’s no longer available a Level 3 Certificate focused on fishmongers. Nevertheless in England we can find plenty of training courses that together can replace a specific training. Something to improve would be the collection of these courses in one training path and its equivalence with the official qualification system.
  • In Iceland and Turkey is not even defined fishmonger’s training/ qualification in the Qualification system. In Iceland is understandable, because we only have 30 professional fishmongers in the Island, but not in Turkey where we can find a larger collective of fishmongers.
  • In Spain, even though “fishmonger profession” is included in the National Catalogue of Qualifications, jurisdiction is divided between two Ministries (Education and Labor). Also legal requirements, especially the ones related to facilities are really hard to meet, thus official training for fishmongers can’t be defined as “available”. Also contents are very related to fishery industry branch of the value chain, so these contents do not suit real needs of this sector. We can say in Spain fishmongers, or people interested in becoming a fishmonger can’t get to an official specific training, with contents focused on real needs of the sector.

This publication reflects only the opinion of the author and in any case the European Union is responsible of the use given to the information contained in it.